• 5 months Nigeria’s ‘proptech’ boom driven by rising mobile phone use Citizen
    Nigerians searching for their dream home to buy or rent are turning to the internet in droves, leading to a surge in the number of property-focused technology firms. The emergence of these “proptech” companies is due to the country’s rapid population growth, faster broadband speed and cheaper smartphones that have ... more
  • 5 months Matatu operators hold mock burial for Laikipia Woman Rep Waruguru Citizen
    Matatu operators in Nanyuki held a mock burial procession on Tuesday for Laikipia Woman Rep Cate Waruguru. They claim that she is behind the influx of Sienta and Probox public service vehicle (PSV) operators at their drop-off points. The matatu operators further accused Waruguru of an alleged plot to enable ... more
  • 5 months Juve victory at Cagliari marred by Kean racist abuse Citizen -Sports
    Juventus teenager Moise Kean appeared to suffer racist abuse after scoring a late goal to give the Turin side a 2-0 win at Cagliari in Serie A on Tuesday. Kean, who had been jeered throughout the game, turned in Rodrigo Bentancur’s cross with five minutes left and then stood in ... more
  • 5 months Ethiopian Airlines pilots initially used Boeing emergency steps before crash: WSJ Citizen
    The pilots of an Ethiopian Airlines 737 MAX jet that crashed last month had initially followed Boeing Co’s emergency procedures but later deviated from them as they tried to regain control of the plane, the Wall Street Journal said on Wednesday. The crash killed all 157 people on board and ... more
  • 5 months Messi and Suarez late show rescues Barca a point at Villareal Citizen -Sports
    Barcelona’s Lionel Messi came off the bench in his side’s hour of need to inspire the Liga leaders to battle back from 4-2 down in stoppage time to snatch a remarkable 4-4 draw at struggling Villarreal on Tuesday. The Catalans avoided a first league loss since November with a thumping ... more
  • 5 months Shell sees rise in Nigeria oil spills in 2018 Citizen
    Royal Dutch Shell last year experienced a sharp rise in the number of oil spills caused by pipeline theft in Nigeria, which the company said were the result of larger output and higher oil prices. The number of spills caused by sabotage and theft in the Niger delta rose last ... more
  • 5 months Hungry Wolves maul Manchester United Citizen -Sports
    Wolverhampton Wanderers repeated their FA Cup defeat of Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s Manchester United as a Chris Smalling own goal gave them another 2-1 win in a pulsating Premier League game on Tuesday. Despite the distraction of next week’s Champions League quarter-final against Barcelona, United, who finished the game with 10 ... more
  • 5 months Fulham relegated from EPL after defeat to Watford Citizen -Sports
    Fulham were relegated from the Premier League after collapsing to a 4-1 defeat at Watford on Tuesday, a result which left them 16 points adrift of the safety zone with five games remaining. The West London side, owned by American businessman Shahid Khan, return to the second-tier Championship just a ... more
  • 5 months Kirinyaga: Man allegedly stabs to death ex-wife’s lover Citizen
    Panic gripped a section of residents from Kirinyaga County after a man was stabbed to death for allegedly having an affair with someone’s ex-wife. Simon Gitari, 40, reportedly killed Simon Muriithi, 45, on Tuesday evening in Kamucege village at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme. It is said that Gitari was ... more
  • 5 months Donald Trump, Mao Zedong headline New Hong Kong Opera Citizen
    Cantonese opera is an art form best known for elaborate make up, costumes and tales of long-dead heroes. But for four days this April, a Hong Kong theatre will take on a larger than life character from the modern day: U.S. President Donald Trump. Hong Kong’s Sunbeam Theatre will stage ... more
  • 5 months Safaricom tops mobile money transactions with over Ksh.1trillion Citizen -Biz
    Mobile money transactions in Kenya between September and December last year peaked to Ksh.2.1trillion. The Safaricom M-Pesa platform accounted for the bulk of the transaction with Ksh.1.35trillion value in mobile commerce and Ksh.606 billion in person to person transfers. Airtel Money transacted Ksh.1.1billion between person to person while Equitel Money ... more
  • 5 months While Washington fiddles, many states facing up to threats of climate change Citizen
    When Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Sen. Ed Markey introduced their Green New Deal resolution, Markey said it would be “the greatest blue-collar job creation program in a generation.” President Donald Trump, on the other hand, said it would “put millions of Americans out of work.” Battle lines have been drawn ... more
  • 5 months Gov’t hasn’t paid suppliers Ksh.32B, Parliament told Citizen
    It has now emerged that the National Government is yet to pay contractors and suppliers in excess of Ksh.32.4billion. According to a report from the National Treasury tabled before a Parliamentary committee on Tuesday, the Defence Ministry has the highest debt pegged at Ksh.8.9billion. The committee of Implementation was also ... more
  • 5 months Bitcoin jumps 20 percent, mystery order seen as catalyst Citizen
    Bitcoin soared to its highest in almost five months on Tuesday, pulling smaller cryptocurrencies up with it, after a major order by an anonymous buyer set off a frenzy of computer-driven trading, analysts said. The original cryptocurrency soared as much as 20 percent in Asian trading, breaking $5,000 for the ... more
  • 5 months NBA to invest millions of dollars in new African league Citizen -Sports
    The NBA will invest millions of dollars in Basketball Africa League, its first professional league outside of North America, and will be hands-on in its operation, a top executive said on Tuesday. The NBA, in partnership with the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), is launching the Basketball Africa League in January ... more
  • 5 months White House softens tone after threat to close border with Mexico Citizen
    The White House took a step back from its threat to close the southern U.S. border on Tuesday, saying Mexico has begun to take actions to address the immigration problem on its end. White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said the Trump administration sees Mexico “stepping up and taking a greater ... more
  • 5 months Ghosn’s lawyers say his trial must be separate from Nissan’s to ensure fairness Citizen
    Lawyers for Carlos Ghosn asked a Tokyo court on Tuesday to try the ex-Nissan Motor Co boss separately from his former employer, arguing he would otherwise not get a fair hearing to fight charges of financial wrongdoing. The request marks the first major legal maneuver by Ghosn’s new legal team ... more
  • 5 months Kenyan Billionaire donates entire salary as Egerton University Chancellor to needy students Citizen
    Kenyan steel billionaire Narendra Naval who was recently appointed by President Uhuru Kenyatta as Egerton University’s Chancellor will work at the campus for free. Raval replaced Prof Shem Wandiga who was appointed by President Uhuru in 2013. Through a social media post, Raval whose vast business empire spans five sectors,including ... more
  • 5 months Kenyan billionaire Naval donates entire salary from Egerton University Citizen
    Kenyan steel billionaire Narendra Naval, who was recently appointed as Egerton University Chancellor, will work at the campus for free. On a social media post on Tuesday, Raval said his entire salary, any allowance or financial benefit will go to supporting needy students at the university. Raval, 55, replaced Prof. ... more
  • 5 months Pope: Church should admit history of abuse of women, male domination Citizen
    Pope Francis said on Tuesday the Catholic Church had to acknowledge a history of male domination and sexual abuse of women and children and repair its reputation among young people or risk becoming “a museum”. But, in a major document in which he mentioned an array of scandals and again ... more
  • 5 months Supreme Court judge Jackton Ojwang suspended Citizen
    Supreme Court judge Jackton Boma Ojwang has been suspended with President Uhuru Kenyatta appointing a seven-member tribunal to investigate his conduct. In a Special Gazette notice dated March 29,  2019 President Kenyatta said Justice Ojwang had been suspended with immediate effect pending conclusion of the probe. “In the meantime, Jackton ... more
  • 5 months Hilary Mutyambai’s nomination as IG approved by Parliament committee Citizen
    The Joint Committee on Administration and National Security of the National Assembly and Defense and Foreign Relations of the Senate has approved the nomination of Hilary Nzioka Mutyambai as Inspector General of the National Police Service. In a report tabled before Parliament on Tuesday and which is expected to be ... more
  • 5 months G. Kiprotich: Aarhus performance is a wake up call in preparing teams Citizen -Sports
    The Kenyan team to the World Cross Country Championships held in Denmark on Saturday arrived in the country Monday afternoon and despite finishing second behind eternal rivals Ethiopia in the overall rankings, a result not viewed as the best compared to the past editions. In the biennial championships, Kenya hauled ... more
  • 5 months 17 suspected MRC members arrested at house in Diani Citizen
    Police have arrested 17 suspected members of the outlawed Mombasa Republican Council (MRC) in Diani, Kwale County. According to the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI), the suspects aged between 41 and 84 years were nabbed on Tuesday “as they assembled at a house in Kibundani area.” The DCI further said ... more
  • 5 months Sonko says won’t touch Ksh.96M ‘confidential’ budget allocation Citizen
    Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko now says he will not use the controversial Ksh.96 million “confidential budget” allocated to his office. This comes after the county chief was recently put on the spot over the budgetary allocation during an oversight committee meeting by the Nairobi County Assembly. Details seen by Citizen ... more
  • 5 months UAP Holdings cuts off high-risk accounts in de-risking strategy Citizen -Biz
    UAP Holdings has began cutting off high risk accounts from its business portfolio, after the cost of compensation weighed hard on the group’s profitability in 2018. Chief Executive Officer to the UAP Group Peter Mwangi says the insurer will maintain a strict policy in its underwriting of insurance premiums, this ... more
  • 5 months Murray returns to court after hip surgery Citizen -Sports
    Andy Murray has returned to a tennis court two months after undergoing hip resurfacing surgery. Murray, who has not played competitively since his first round exit at the Australian Open in January, said last month he could possibly play at Wimbledon as he was now pain free after the surgery. ... more
  • 5 months Jabuya: This is why Kintu lost his job at City Stars Citizen -Sports
    Nairobi City Stars chairman Peter Jabuya has explained the circumstances leading to the sacking of Ugandan head coach Jimmy Kintu accusing the the tactician of having lacked commitment to the team’s cause. According to Jabuya, the 31-year-old Ugandan who was relieved of his duties after three months in charge, was ... more
  • 5 months Nominated MP Godfrey Osotsi wants ANC decision to expel him quashed Citizen
    Embattled Nominated Member of Parliament Godfrey Osotsi on Tuesday filed a case before the constitutional division court challenging his expulsion from the Amani National Congress (ANC) party. Osotsi, who is seeking court protection, now wants the decision of the party’s disciplinary committee and the National Executive Committee (NEC) quashed. The ... more
  • 5 months Zidane wants Varane to stay but is ambiguous about Bale future Citizen -Sports
    Real Madrid coach Zinedine Zidane said on Tuesday he cannot envisage his side parting with France defender Raphael Varane but he could not give any guarantees about the future of winger Gareth Bale. French newspaper L’Equipe reported last month that World Cup winner Varane was looking to leave Madrid after ... more
  • 5 months Migne: I already know who’ll make my AFCON squad Citizen -Sports
    Harambee Stars head coach Sebastian Migne says he already has an idea on who will be part of his squad for the African Cup of Nations finals set for Egypt. Stars are expected to pitch champ in France from the  May  27 as they prepare for the continental showpiece that ... more
  • 5 months Governor Lenolkulal released on Ksh.100M bail or Ksh.150M bond Citizen
    Samburu Governor Moses Lenolkulal has been granted a cash bail of Ksh.100 million or Ksh.150 million bond after denying charges of corruption and abuse of office. He was arraigned before Anti-Corruption Court Chief Magistrate Douglas Ogoti  and charged with four counts of corruption and abuse of office. Governor Lenolkulal is ... more
  • 5 months Uhuru says gov’t lost Ksh.1.8B to 2,600 ghost workers in police service Citizen
    President Uhuru Kenyatta says the pilot exercise of the newly-launched National Integrated Identity Management System (NIIMS), also known as Huduma Namba, has revealed loop holes through which the government was losing money. Speaking while presiding over the launch on Tuesday in Masii, Machakos County, the President stated that the registration ... more
  • 5 months Samburu Governor Lenolkulal charged with corruption, abuse of office Citizen
    Samburu Governor Moses Lenolkulal was Tuesday arraigned at the Milimani Law Courts and charged with four counts of corruption and abuse of office. Governor Lenolkulal is accused of irregularly obtaining Ksh.84.7 million by supplying fuel to the Samburu County Government through his fuel company, Oryx Service Station between March 27, ... more
  • 5 months Red cross: health, aid workers face unabated attacks Citizen
    Health and humanitarian workers in war zones are facing unabated and increasing attacks “and the impact on civilians is nothing but catastrophic,” the president of the International Committee of the Red Cross said Monday. Peter Maurer told an informal Security Council meeting that three years after the council adopted a ... more
  • 5 months 128 years later, New Orleans is apologizing for lynching 11 Italians Citizen
    The largest mass lynching in US history killed 11 Italians in New Orleans in 1891. And now an Italian-American group says the city’s mayor is set to offer a first-ever apology to Italian-Americans for the city’s role in the lawless murders. At the time, the city was grappling with the ... more
  • 5 months Raila tells off those against Huduma Namba, says registration a must Citizen
    Orange Democratic Party Leader, Raila Odinga has insisted that the ongoing Huduma Namba registration process is a must and Kenyans should not be barred from taking part in the exercise. Mr. Odinga insisted that successful implementation of the ongoing National Integrated Identity Management System (NIIMS) registration, which was officially launched ... more
  • 5 months Apple, luxury brands drop China prices as VAT cuts come into effect Citizen
    Apple Inc and other consumer brands lowered prices for their products in China on Monday as a cut in the country’s value-added tax (VAT) rate came into effect. Price tags for products listed on the Apple’s China website were lowered on Monday morning, including a discount of up to 500 ... more
  • 5 months 4 bodies discovered in North Dakota office building Citizen
    Four people were found dead Monday at a North Dakota business in what police are investigating as a multiple homicide. The bodies of three men and one woman were found at the RJR Maintenance & Management office building in Mandan at about 7:30 a.m. It’s unclear how they died, Mandan ... more
  • 5 months Aga Khan out to claim basketball title as national school games beckons Citizen -Sports
    Aga Khan Academy Mombasa basketball team head coach Jimna Kimani believes time is right for his team to claim their maiden national title as the Secondary School Games kick off next week in Mombasa. According to Kimani, the experience in his squad should help him fight for the title after ... more
  • 5 months Philippines protests hundreds of Chinese ships around disputed island Citizen
    The Philippines government has filed a diplomatic protest with China over the presence of hundreds of Chinese vessels near a Philippines-administered island in the South China Sea. As many as 275 Chinese ships and boats have been spotted this year around Thitu island, also known as Pag-asa island in the ... more
  • 5 months 11 charges against businessman Jimi Wanjigi dropped Citizen
    High court on Tuesday quashed charges pressed at the Nyeri Law court against businessman Jimi Wanjigi. This is after Justice Pauline Nyamweya ruled that the Inspector General of Police and the Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) acted in abuse of the court process and in bad faith. Also Read: Wanjigi ... more
  • 5 months DPP denies receiving Arror and Kimwarer investigation file from DCI Citizen
    The Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) has contradicted reports that he has received investigation files of the Arror and Kimwarer dams scandal from the Director of Criminal Investigations (DCI). Taking to Twitter, DPP Noordin Haji indicated that investigations are still underway further contradicting earlier reports that investigations were complete and ... more
  • 5 months Kayole Starlets cry out for help amidst financial crunch in WPL Citizen -Sports
    Kayole Starlets Secretary General Raymond Onyango is calling for aid to avert the financial crunch in the Women Premier League (WPL) in the wake of missed matches that has seen them hand ‘walk overs’ to other teams. Onyango’s sentiments come after Vihiga Queens benefited from a ‘walk over’ on Saturday ... more
  • 5 months Humanitarian disaster as death toll rises to 843 after Mozambique cyclone Idai Citizen
    Hundreds of thousands of people are in dire need of food, water and shelter after Cyclone Idai battered Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi. MOZAMBIQUE Cyclone Idai landed on the night of March 14 near the port city of Beira, bringing heavy winds and rains. Two major rivers, the Buzi and the ... more
  • 5 months US addressing ‘immediate’ humanitarian needs of cyclone idai victims Citizen
    The U.S. Department of Defense has authorized up to $15 million in aid to areas of Mozambique devastated by Cyclone Idai, the U.S. Africa Command said Monday. USAID, the lead agency in charge of American aid to the crisis, had spent $6.2 million in relief as of March 31, officials ... more
  • 5 months Two children dead after ‘dust devil’ hits inflatable playhouse in China Citizen
    Two children are dead and another 20 people are injured after a “dust devil” lifted an inflatable playhouse and other debris into the air in central China. Chinese state media said the incident had taken place at a “scenic spot” in Henan province at about 3 p.m. on Sunday afternoon. ... more
  • 5 months Chipu coach Odera confident of Barthes Cup chances Citizen -Sports
    Kenya under-20 rugby team head coach Paul Odera is optimistic that his charges will lift the 2019 Barthes Cup. The under-20 team, popularly known as ‘Chipu’ has been in camp since January 20 and will face off with Tunisia on Thursday from 3.30 pm at the KCB Sports Club Ruaraka, ... more
  • 5 months Second woman says ex-VP Biden touched her inappropriately Citizen
    A Connecticut woman said Joe Biden touched her inappropriately and rubbed noses with her at a 2009 political fundraiser. She becomes the second person in three days to accuse the former vice president of unwanted physical contact as he considers a White House run. “It wasn’t sexual, but he did ... more
  • 5 months Australia plans balanced annual budget ahead of election Citizen
    Australia’s treasurer said he will unveil the government’s first balanced annual budget plan in a decade days before general elections are called. The budget to be announced late Tuesday will be the conservatives coalition’s final major act before going to voters in May with the argument that they are better ... more
  • 5 months Form Four student from Chinga Boys allegedly commits suicide Citizen
    A Form Four student from Chinga Boys High School in Nyeri allegedly committed suicide on Monday night. According to the school principal Kiringo M’eringo, it is still not clear what could have led him to take his own life. Deputy Sub County police commander Boniface Wakhanu said the ... more
  • 5 months Change of guard at City Stars as struggling outfit fire coach Kintu Citizen -Sports
    National Super League  side Nairobi City Stars have parted ways with Ugandan coach Jimmy Kintu just three months after he was hired following a worrying performance. City have had a dismal run collecting just eight points from 13 matches since  the Ugandan took charge. The 31-year old Ugandan contracted at ... more
  • 5 months Facebook, rights groups hit out at Singapore’s fake news bill Citizen
    Singapore submitted wide-ranging fake news legislation in parliament on Monday, stoking fears from internet firms and human rights groups that it may give the government too much power and hinder freedom of speech. The law would require social media sites like Facebook to carry warnings on posts the government deems ... more
  • 5 months MCA Peter Mburu who allegedly tried to con woman out of Ksh.3M freed Citizen
    Kagunduini Member of County Assembly (MCA) Peter Mburu Wamuthoni has been released on bond. On Tuesday, Kigumo Law Court Principal Magistrate Agnes Mwangi set the bond amount at Ksh.1.5million. He had been arrested on Monday for allegedly conning a woman of Ksh.3million by pretending that he could offer her a ... more
  • 5 months Ozil is ‘playing like we want’, says Arsenal manager Emery Citizen -Sports
    Arsenal manager Unai Emery said midfielder Mesut Ozil is “playing like we want” after producing a man-of-the-match performance against Newcastle. Ozil, at times out of favour since the Spaniard took over this season, helped the Gunners to a 2-0 win – their 10th consecutive home league victory. “I like how ... more
  • 5 months All set for African Junior Championship in Ghana Citizen -Sports
    For the first time in the history of the African Junior and Cadet Championships, an entry record will be achieved this year in Accra, Ghana as over 180 players from 20 African nations will be competing at the continental tournament. The Trust Emporium in Accra, Ghana will host the tournament ... more
  • 5 months Samsung C & T, Samsung Electronics almost double cost of finishing new chip line Citizen
    Samsung C&T Corp and Samsung Electronics Co Ltd have almost doubled the size of a contract related to the construction of a semiconductor production line, taking the project’s total cost to 1.46 trillion won ($1.29 billion). The contract covers finishing work on the line at Samsung Electronics’ Hwaseong plant on ... more
  • 5 months No Ethiopia plane crash report on Monday, maybe this week: source Citizen
    Ethiopia will not release a preliminary report into the causes of last month’s Ethiopian Airlines crash on Monday, as previously expected, but may publish it this week, a source familiar with the transport ministry told Reuters. “Not today, maybe this week,” the source said, when asked about the report into ... more
  • 5 months KNH to discharge 250 patients detained over unpaid bills after outcry Citizen
    Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) on Tuesday announced that it will discharge 250 patients detained over unpaid bills. In a statement to newsrooms, the national referral hospital said the decision by the KNH board was reached following public outcry. This follows an expose aired by Citizen TV on Monday, March 25, 2019 ... more
  • 5 months Hunger stalks Mozambique after deadly cyclone destroys farmland • Citizen
    Fulai Joaquim has enough food to feed his 10 children for another week, maybe two. Then, he says, it is in the hands of God. A cyclone ripped his cassava crop from the ground, leaving the roots to rot in the field, and the floods that followed washed away his ... more
  • 5 months When it comes to disclosing sponsors, your Google Assistant may be mute Citizen
    On stage at an investor conference last month, Google’s Chief Business Officer Philipp Schindler identified a vexing challenge for the company’s most prized app: its virtual assistant. Responding to user searches out loud through Google Assistant is not ideal for generating revenue, Schindler suggested. When results are visible, not merely ... more
  • 5 months Ethiopian crash liability claims could be Ksh.100.9B: broker Citizen
    Liability claims related to the Ethiopian Airlines crash and the grounding of Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft could total around a billion dollars (Ksh.100.9billion). According to reinsurance broker Willis Re, this would make it the largest non-war aviation reinsurance claim on record, hitting reinsurers’ profitability. The liability claims would be ... more
  • 5 months Congo Ebola outbreak spreading faster than ever: WHO Citizen
    Democratic Republic of Congo’s Ebola outbreak is spreading at its fastest rate yet, eight months after it was first detected, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Monday. Each of the past two weeks has registered a record number of new cases, marking a sharp setback for efforts to respond ... more
  • 5 months Arsenal climb to third as top-four race hots up Citizen -Sports
    Goals from Aaron Ramsey and Alexandre Lacazette gave Arsenal a 2-0 win over Newcastle United on Monday and lifted them to third place in the Premier League above rivals Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester United. Ramsey found his way through a packed defence on the half hour to score with a ... more
  • 5 months Uber’s Kalanick, directors win dismissal of investor lawsuit Citizen
    Travis Kalanick, the co-founder of ride-hailing company Uber, and the company’s directors won the dismissal of an investor lawsuit that sought to hold them liable for a fight over trade secrets that slowed Uber’s push into autonomous vehicles. The lawsuit by California investor Lenza McElrath sought to pin damages on ... more
  • 5 months South Korea’s burned out millennials choose YouTube over Samsung Citizen
    Yoon Chang-hyun’s parents told him to get his sanity checked when he quit his secure job as a researcher at Samsung Electronics Co in 2015 to start his own YouTube channel. Yoon is among a growing wave of South Korean millennials ditching stable white collar jobs, even as unemployment spikes ... more
  • 5 months Italian firm in Kimwarer and Arror dam scandal admits financial constrain Citizen
    An Italian firm at the center of the Ksh.21 billion Arror and Kimwarer dams scandal now says that it has encountered financial challenges. In response to a case filed by Barclays Bank, CMC Di Ravenna said that the company has commenced ‘pre insolvency proceedings’ before an Italian court whose intention ... more
  • 5 months Over 500 Moi University students duped in fees scandal Citizen
    Hundreds of students Moi University have either been forced to pay school fees twice in order to sit their examinations or defer their studies after they were lured into paying their fees to individuals working at the university’s finance department. The victims of the scam are said to have been ... more
  • 5 months Women dismissed for getting pregnant reinstated by Ghana fire service Citizen
    Two female firefighters, who were dismissed from their jobs for being pregnant, have been reinstated by the Ghana National Fire Service (GNFS). A lawyer for the women told CNN that the decision was a victory for the rule of law and human rights in the West African country. Their reinstatement ... more
  • 5 months U.S. opens new probe into 3 million Kia, Hyundai vehicles for fire risks Citizen
    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) said on Monday it would open a new safety defect investigation into three million Hyundai Motor Co and Kia Motors Corp vehicles for fires not caused by crashes. The investigation is in response to a petition seeking a probe by the Center for ... more
1 78 79 80 81 82 133